December 10, 2010

Hippocrates Oath

Baru aja liat web bikinannya temen gw, website buat angkatan... tapi sepi bgt kaya kuburan...
Sekedar liat homenya dan ngebaca tentang sumpah hippokrates, jd penasaran kymn asal usulnya, gk ada salahnya jg ngeliat sumpah yang akan dibacakan setelah lulus menjadi dokter.....

Nah, jadi hippokrates itu adalah "father of western medicine" (gk tau knp ko gk east atau southeast y), diduga sumpah hippokrates itu sudah ada pada abad ke 5 sebelum masehi (tulisannya gini "late 5th century B.C.") atau masa yg biasa disebut "Ancient Greek". 

Tapi belum ada informasi yang jelas, siapa yg menulis dan siapa yg menggunakan sumpah tersebut pertama kali sebagai ritual bagi para penyedia layanan medis. 

Sumpah itu sendiri terdapat tiga versi, original, classical, dan modern...*gw gk nyantumin yg classical, soalnya kepanjangan

1. Oath Text - Original 
  • I swear by Apollo, the healer, Asclepius, Hygieia, and Panacea, and I take to witness all the gods, all the goddesses, to keep according to my ability and my judgment, the following Oath and agreement: 
  • To consider dear to me, as my parents, him who taught me this art; to live in common with him and, if necessary, to share my goods with him; To look upon his children as my own brothers, to teach them this art. 
  • I will prescribe regimens for the good of my patients according to my ability and my judgment and never do harm to anyone. 
  • I will not give a lethal drug to anyone if I am asked, nor will I advise such a plan; and similarly I will not give a woman a pessary to cause an abortion. 
  • But I will preserve the purity of my life and my arts. 
  • I will not cut for stone, even for patients in whom the disease is manifest; I will leave this operation to be performed by practitioners, specialists in this art. 
  • In every house where I come I will enter only for the good of my patients, keeping myself far from all intentional ill-doing and all seduction and especially from the pleasures of love with women or with men, be they free or slaves. 
  • All that may come to my knowledge in the exercise of my profession or in daily commerce with men, which ought not to be spread abroad, I will keep secret and will never reveal. 
  • If I keep this oath faithfully, may I enjoy my life and practice my art, respected by all men and in all times; but if I swerve from it or violate it, may the reverse be my lot.

2. Oath Text - Modern version 
Sumpah Hippokrates yang modern, diperbaharui dalam deklarasi Geneva di Inggris, versi yang modernnya sendiri di tuangkan oleh Dr. Luois Lasagna, pada tahun 1964.
  • I swear to fulfill, to the best of my ability and judgment, this covenant: 
  • I will respect the hard-won scientific gains of those physicians in whose steps I walk, and gladly share such knowledge as is mine with those who are to follow. 
  • I will apply, for the benefit of the sick, all measures [that] are required, avoiding those twin traps of overtreatment and therapeutic nihilism. 
  • I will remember that there is art to medicine as well as science, and that warmth, sympathy, and understanding may outweigh the surgeon's knife or the chemist's drug. 
  • I will not be ashamed to say "I know not," nor will I fail to call in my colleagues when the skills of another are needed for a patient's recovery. 
  • I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their problems are not disclosed to me that the world may know. Most especially must I tread with care in matters of life and death. If it is given to me to save a life, all thanks. But it may also be within my power to take a life; this awesome responsibility must be faced with great humbleness and awareness of my own frailty. Above all, I must not play at God. 
  • I will remember that I do not treat a fever chart, a cancerous growth, but a sick human being, whose illness may affect the person's family and economic stability. My responsibility includes these related problems, if I am to care adequately for the sick. 
  • I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention is preferable to cure. 
  • I will remember that I remain a member of society, with special obligations to all my fellow human beings, those sound of mind and body as well as the infirm. 
  • If I do not violate this oath, may I enjoy life and art, respected while I live and remembered with affection thereafter. May I always act so as to preserve the finest traditions of my calling and may I long experience the joy of healing those who seek my help.

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